The Turing Test is the "acid test" of true artificial intelligence, as defined by the English scientist Alan Turing. A child prodigy in mathematics, authored landmark paper explaining how programs could be stored as data.
In the 1940s, he said "a machine has artificial intelligence when there is no discernible difference between the conversation generated by the machine and that of an intelligent person." Turing was instrumental in breaking the German enigma code during WWII with his Bombe computing machine. (Unlike ENIAC, which had to be re-wired to be re-programmed.).
hollywood hollywood friends hollywood american dating us - Computer dating history
Today "von Neumann architecture" often refers to the sequential nature of computers based on this model. Edward Roberts and others, as the inventor of the first computer. They drew on Alansoff's work to create the ENIAC, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. Atanasoff's being legally declared as the inventor. Their company was acquired by by Remington Rand, which merged into the Sperry Rand Corp. Zuse's Z1, his contender for the first freely programmable computer, contained all the basic components of a modern computer (control unit, memory, micro sequences, etc.).
The limited-function vacuum-tube device had limited capabilities and did not have a central. Though Atanasoff got legal status for his achievement, many historians still give credit to J. Mauchly the founding fathers of the modern computer. Zuse, because of the scarcity of material during WW II, used discarded video film as punch cards.
It was not programmable, but could solve differential equations using binary arithmetic. Eckert and Mauchly formed the first computer company in 1946. They introduced the first modern binany computer with the Binary Automatic Computer (BINAC), which stored information on magnetic tape rather than punched cards. Like a modern computer, it was adaptable for different purposes and used on/off switch relays, a binary system of 1s and 0s (on = 1, off = 0). Edward Roberts -- developed the MITS Altair 8800 in 1975.
Completed in 1938, it was destroyed in the bombardment of Berlin in WW II, along with the construction plans. The Altair is considered by some to be the first microcomputer (personal computer)., The MITS Altair 8800 was based on a 2 MHz Intel 8080 chip, with 256 bytes, standard RAM.
Definition of a Computer - before 1935, a computer was a person who performed arithmetic calculations.